High risk groups

Here follows a list of some, but not all, of the high risk factors for likely osteoporosis candidates. In particular if one or more of these apply to you, you should be tested and educated as soon as possible as osteoporosis is easily avoided:

  • AGE: Over 30 - By 30 our bone density has peaked and starts to deteriorate, so your 30's are an ideal time to know you reached your maximum density, aren't losing mass to quickly and educate yourself on how to keep strong bones without medication.  

  • LOW B.M.I.: Persons with a low body mass index are often not getting sufficient nutrients to power their body and are frequent suffers of osteoporosis and arthritis. 

  • GENDER: Woman are 4 times more likely to suffer osteoporosis than men, however men often do get osteoporosis and just need to be aware of their status in this regard. 

  • Family history.  Genes play an important risk factor for osteoporosis. If your parents or grandparents have had any signs of osteoporosis, such as a fractured hip after a minor fall, you may be at greater risk of developing this disease.

  • Prior history of broken bones.

  • Cigarette smoking. Smoking puts you at higher risk of having osteoporosis and fractures.

  • Alcohol. Heavy alcohol use can lead to thinning of the bones and increase your risk of fracture.

  • Certain Diseases. Some diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis increase the risk for osteoporosis.

  • Certain medications. The use of some medications -- for example, the long term use of steroids such as prednisone, cortisones, antihistamines, painkillers etc -- can also increase your risk of developing osteoporosis.

  • Low intake of calcium and green vegetables - these provide the building blocks for new bones and without them the bones will not be able to grow effectively. 

  • Excessive caffeine - Too much coffee, or sodas, and even too much tea detracts from the bone minerals. 

  • Little or no exercising over long periods - Bones are constantly growing and in need of even mild exercise to create resistance to grow back strong enough to support the body. 

  • Low levels of Vitamin D - Increasingly becoming apparent as a widespread problem in South Africa, we do not get the amount of Vitamin D that we perceive we are, and it is detrimental in many areas. In bone health, Vitamin D increases the absorption of calcium into the bones.

Osteoporosis is an acidic problem. As the body becomes more acidic, calcium is depleted. The body will then leach calcium from bones, teeth, and tissue to make up for this loss. One of the first warning signs is calcium deposits in the body, which come from the calcium in our teeth and bones and not from nutritional calcium.